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An elementary science lesson on the food chain.
 

THE FOOD CHAIN LESSON

 

A science teaching lesson on the food chain and animal eating habits. Includes printable teaching worksheets.

 

Elementary Science
food chain, herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, animals, eating habits
 

Learning Objective
After reading about the food chain students will be able to classify animals as carnivore, omnivore, or herbivore based on what each animal eats.

Academic Language Focus
The food chain
Animal eating habits
Classifying animals by what they eat
 

Suggested Grades:

2nd Grade - 3rd Grade - 4th Grade

 

 

 

ANIMAL FOOD CHAIN LESSON PLAN

 

Key Vocabulary
food chain, necessities, animals, herbivores, omnivores, carnivores

Lesson Materials
Computer
Pencils
Crayons
The Food Chain Lesson Printable
The Food Chain Chart & Picture Printable

The Food Chain Lesson Introduction
Read aloud from the Food Chain Worksheet. Students can read directly from the worksheet lesson.  Have students discuss:

What is the food chain?
Why is food considered a necessity?

Ask your students about the lesson they have just read. Use the following questions as a guide:

 

What is a necessity?
What are the three groups of animals based on their eating habits?

 

Have students answer the questions after reading about the food chain and animal eating habits. Once everyone has answered the questions have students exchange papers and grade them. Go over each answer and encourage students to ask questions.

Some questions may have a similar answer so make sure to emphasize this allowing every child to give the answer they believe is correct.

Body
Once students have completed the Food Chain worksheet split them up into groups of 4 or 5. Each student should receive a copy of the Food Chain Chart and Picture printable. You can find the printables at the bottom of this page.

Once every student has a copy of the lesson printable have groups take turns searching for information on the Internet. They should find information on five different animals. Using the Food Chain Chart each group should list the animal, their habitat (desert, forest, plains, etc.), what the animal eats, and based on their source of food whether they are in the herbivore group, omnivore group, or carnivore group.

While one group is using the computer the other groups can use crayons and the Animal Food Chain Picture printable. In the box have students draw their interpretation of the food chain. Let your students get creative. Some suggestions teachers may give their students include food chain labels, pictures of animals within one food chain, or a food chain chart showing the progression from animal to animal.

NOTE: If you prefer having students use encyclopedias instead of the Internet that is also an option.

Closure
Once the activity has been completed have a discussion about the food chain. Every group should have a small presentation in front of the rest of the class. The results from their web search, as well as the pictures they've designed, should be presented.

Discuss the results and have the class vote to determine whether the assessment of carnivore, herbivore, or omnivore was correct. Discuss the results allowing each student to explain why they feel the animal is a certain type (based on what they eat).

 

LESSON PRINTABLES

The Food Chain & Animal Eating Habits Lesson

Print this lesson for this lesson plan.

 

 

Animals Food Chart Worksheet

Print this worksheet for this lesson plan.

 

 

 

 

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