BABYLON HISTORY LESSON
Print the Ancient Babylon reading
comprehension passage and questions (see
Students should read the story silently,
then answer the questions about the story that follow.
Excerpt from passage
You may have heard of the country called Iraq. Iraq is in the Middle East. Before it was called Iraq, the country extended further upwards throughout this region, part of which is known as the Fertile Crescent. This area was home to the Ancient civilization of Babylon.
Babylon was the name of the main center of agriculture in the region known as Mesopotamia. The city of Babylon was considered the holy city of the state Babylonia. Babylonia was comprised of two territories Sumer and Akkad. The Sumerians were an ancient group of people that were known for having one of the earliest forms of writing that we know about called cuneiform.
Babylon was first mentioned in texts that date back to 24th Century B.C. At this time writing was done on tablets. Babylon was the capital of the Akkadian Empire ruled by Sargon. For the next few centuries Babylon had fluctuations in population until the moment when it became immortalized around 18th Century B.C. when Hammurabi once again made Babylon the capital of the Empire in the region.
Hammurabi: First King of the Babylonian Empire
Though he was the first king of the actual Babylonian Empire he was the sixth King of Babylon. The Sumer and Akkad territories had been consolidated (joined together) into one large empire under the rule of Hammurabi. Of course, this was not all Hammurabi did not only for Babylon, but for the entire world. Hammurabi's empire had an impact on many countries and governments throughout the world. The method's he used to govern the people of Babylon are studied and emulated (copied) in some form even today!
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