CIVIL WAR NORTH HISTORY LESSON
Print the Civil War: The North reading
comprehension passage and questions (see
Students should read the story silently,
then answer the questions about the story that follow.
Excerpt from passage
Living in the North during the 1800's was quite different then it was today. There were also differences present with their neighbors to the South. It was the difference between the North and the South that led to the Civil War. The Civil War not only divided the country but it also caused more American soldiers to die than any other war in the history of the United States.
The differences between North and South
The major difference in the Northern States is that people did not have or use slaves as a means of advancing their businesses or way of life. Instead, people of the North had indentured servants. The difference between a slave and an indentured servant is that a slave is purchased and is never allowed to leave. An indentured servant is free to come and go once their contract is up. Indentured servants also made money for their work.
Unfortunately, the areas they lived in were very poor and sometimes unsafe. They did not make a lot of money either so in many instances they would continue on with their contract so they could have any place to live and make some money as well even if it wasn't much.
While the Southern States made the majority of their living on farms and plantations the Northerners were more urban and preferred city life to living in the country. Rather than farming, Northern states were known for factories and other forms of business. Both sides of the country lived on farms but there were many more big cities in the North. In fact, by 1860, 90% of all large cities were in the North. (continued)
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