THIRTEEN COLONIES AMERICAN HISTORY LESSON
Print the Thirteen Colonies reading
comprehension passage and questions (see
Students should read the story silently,
then answer the questions about the story that follow.
Excerpt from passage
When the United States was originally formed it was a lot different then how it is today. Rather than having 50 states like we do now, in the beginning we started out with 13 colonies. There were three sections of the country broken off and each colony (state) was part of one section. The three sections were the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies.
The New England Colonies
The New England Colonies consisted of the following areas:
- New Hampshire
- Rhode Island
The settlers of the New England Colonies were known as Pilgrims. A pilgrim is someone that leaves one area for another in order to attain religious freedom. The Pilgrims left England in a ship known as the Mayflower in search of a new home. New England is where they ended up. The Pilgrims first settled in Massachusetts. After the Pilgrims came to the new world, the Puritans also moved into the area in the 17th Century. The reason the Puritans moved to Massachusetts was also to attain religious freedom.
People in New England lived much differently than we do today. The food they ate came from hunting and the crops they grew. The soil in the area was thin and rocky though so they were not able to have good enough crops to make additional money off their land. The women in these colonies made their clothing and they worked hard to produce their own supplies. Anything that was considered to be a luxury that they could not make or grow themselves, such as tools or cloth, they had to purchase from England. The New England colonies were able to make money by trading lumber, furs, and fish. (continued...)
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