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A reading lesson on earth science.
 

MOUNTAINS

A science lesson on mountains. Includes printable teaching reading comprehension lesson worksheets.

 

Objectives:

  • Students will learn that there are different types of mountains.  They are classified by the tectonic processes that formed them.
  • Students will learn which types of mountains exist in the United States and be able to give examples of each kind.

Suggested Grades:

4th Grade - 5th Grade - 6th Grade

 



 
 
 

 

MOUNTAINS LESSON

 

Directions:

Print the Mountains reading comprehension passage and questions (see below).

 

Students should read the passage silently, then answer the questions.  Teachers may also use the text as part of a classroom lesson plan.

 

Lesson Excerpt

   Most mountains are formed by Earth's internal forces.  Do you think all mountains are the same?  There are actually different kinds of mountains, formed in different ways. 

     A major force shaping land is uplift, the lifting of land by forces in the Earth's interior.  Moving tectonic plates lift land, forming mountains.  Folded, fault-block and volcanic mountains all result from different types of plate movements.

     Volcanic mountains are formed when magma, or molten rock, is forced out through the crust.  Volcanic mountains are most common at tectonic plate boundaries.  Hawaii's islands were formed by volcanoes.  They formed, not a plate boundary, but over a hot spot.  A hot spot is a place where magma rises close to the surface in the middle of a plate.  The super-hot magma burns a hole through Earth's crust, like a blowtorch burns through metal.  Then the magma rises through the crust. It hardens on the Earth's surface and forms a mountain.  

Continued...

 

LESSON PRINTABLES

Mountains Lesson and Worksheet

Print this science worksheet for this lesson.

 Includes reading passage, questions, and answer sheet.

 

 

 

 

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