In this lesson, we learn what the scientific method is, how one conducts scientific experiments, and formulates theories based on the results.
• Understand the scientific method
• Recognize different steps involved in scientific problem solving
• Explore key concepts such as hypothesis, theory, experiment and observation
6th Grade - 7th Grade - 8th Grade - 9th Grade
Print the reading comprehension passage and questions (see below).
Students should read the passage silently, then answer the questions. Teachers may also use the text as part of a classroom lesson plan.
What is a scientific method?
Scientific method is commonly used by researchers to investigate answers to their questions. Such approach uses a combination of reasoning and observation. At first, researchers formulate a hypothesis about how a certain process works. Then their hypotheses are tested or expanded based on experiments, from which measurements obtained, inferences are made and theories are derived.
Scientific problem solving
In scientific problem solving, there is a certain sequence of techniques that people use for troubleshooting and forming theories.